Friday, September 19, 2014

Harshbarger line: Johann Friederich Schollenberger 1703-1768

For some reason, I'm gravitating to posts about immigrant ancestors right now. Here is another one in the Harshbarger line.  Maybe by the time I get done writing about these folks, I'll be better able to understand how so many people could leave behind the land of their birth, family members, and all that they knew, to go to a new land about which they knew very little, but which they could expect to be their final home on this earth.

Johann Friederich Schollenberger (known as Frederick) was one of those people. He was born on March 18, 1703 in Albig, Germany to Dietrich Schollenburger and Christine Kessenkopf.  Albig is a small German village in the Rhineland-Palatinate, not far from France.  Albig currently (as of 2008) has a population of slightly over 1600 people, so this would have been a small town where everyone knew everyone. The Schollenberger's would have known the Hoppach family, and in due time the marriage arrangements were complete.Friederich married Anna Katherina Hoppach on January 11, 1729.  At least 8 children were born to this couple, 6 boys and 2 girls; the youngest was born after the family arrived in America..  As happened so many times, 2 of the boys died as toddlers.  So as the Schollenbergers came to America, they were also leaving behind the gravesites of two of their children.

They arrived, along with his brother in law and other relatives, in Philadelphia on the ship "Loyal Judith on September 3, 1742, and soon marched to the local judge's office for the naturalization oath.  This was when immigrants from whatever country swore allegiance to the British king, George II, to allay fears from English immigrants that the "new guys in town" would someday outnumber them.

We don't know whether Frederick served an indentureship or whether he had enough money to pay for the passage of his family.  (His father, Dietrich, lived until 1746 so he didn't come to America on his inherited money).  Most likely, he stayed in Germantown until he had his feet on the ground, so to speak, and then purchased land.  We know that he obtained a land warrant for 100 acres of land in 1747, in what was then Philadelphia County, but later became Greenwich Township, Berks County, Pa.  This property then grew to include 210 acres.   We haven't found any indication of an occupation for Frederick other than farmer, and 210 acres would certainly have kept him busy.

We know little of the rest of his life, but based on the time frame and the location we can guess that there were tensions, or worse, with the native Americans.  The French-Indian war took place when Frederick was approaching what was then old age, but Frederick would have been involved on at least a local level.  He died about 1768, but we don't know where he is buried and I have not located a will.  Of course, I'd like to know where he is buried, what will he may have left, and what church he attended.  Was his home a log cabin?  If so, did he later build another home, and was it made of stone?  There's always more to learn, it seems.

The line of descent is:

Johann Friedrich Schollenberger-Anna Katherina Hoppach
Johann Lorenz Schollenberger-Elizabeth Mertz
Peter Shollenberger-Susanna
Catherine Shollenberger-George Essig
Susanna Essig-Daniel Kemery
Adam Kemery-Nancy Fannie Buchtel
Della Kemery-William Withers
Goldie Withers-Grover Harshbarger
Cleveland Harshbarger-Mary Margaret Beeks
Harshbarger children, grandchildren, and great grandchildren